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Slovenia declared independence from the Federation of Yugoslavia on June 25, 1991, and after inflicting surprising defeats on the communist-led Yugoslav Army under the leadership of defense minister Janez Jansa, achieved peace on July 7, 1991.On December 23, 1991, the Slovenian Constitution was adopted.In 1999, about 92 percent of the population are Slovenians. Outside of Slovenia, significant Slovenian communities live in Italy and Austria, and a small community exists in Hungary.The largest minority groups are Serbo-Croatians (2 percent), Hungarians, Italians, and Gypsies. The flag consists of three equal horizontal stripes—from top to bottom—of white, blue, and red with a blue and white (sky and mountain) coat of arms in the upper left side corner. Slovenia is sometimes confused with Slavonia (a region in Croatia) or Slovakia.Slovenians learned to read and write as early as the 860s.The Slovenians established the Jesuit College in Ljubljana in 1595, Academia operosorum —the first Slovenian Academy of Arts and Sciences—in 1673, and Academia philhamionicorum in 1701.On January 15, 1992, while Christian Democrat Lojze Peterle was prime minister, the European Commmunity led by Christian Democratic governments recognized independent Slovenia.On May 22, 1992, Slovenia became a permanent member of the United Nations.
Although German-speaking Austrians and Germans wanted to Germanize the Slovenians in order to establish a secure land-bridge to the Adriatic and the Mediterranean Seas, the bulk of Slovenians resisted bribes and threats, occasionally gaining genuine friends and supporters, thus preserving their ethnic and cultural identity.With the almost-certain passage of tax reform next week, Congress will deliver President Donald Trump's first major legislative victory. S.-Soviet rivalry ever get out of hand, a nuclear war would likely mean the end of both countries and, possibly, the end of human life itself.It is noteworthy, of course, that the GOP - in charge of both chambers of Congress - has taken so long to achieve a substantive win. The doping scandal unfolding in front of our eyes, with the International Olympic Committee this week banning Russia from participating as a nation in the 2018 Winter Games in South Korea, is instructive for those trying to chart Russia's future. Kelly has ruled in favor of President Trump's right to appoint OMB Director Mick Mulvaney as the acting director of the Consumer Protection Financial Board, CFPB deputy-but-not-acting director Leandra English has ensured herself a minor footnote in history - and, if justice and constitutional government reign, a firing at the hands of her new supervisor.All scholars agree that Slovenians settled in present-day Slovenia by 650 They enjoyed a brief independence at the dawn of their known history when they developed a form of representative democracy, which was well known to several leading figures, including Thomas Jefferson; this ancient Slovenian democracy was, according to Harvard historian Crane Brinton in the Catholic Historical Review, a variable that "went into the making of modern Western institutions." After allying themselves with the Bavarians against the warlike Avars and jointly defeating them in 743, the northern Karantanian Slovenians lost their independence to their Bavarian allies who refused to leave, and a year or two later to the Franks who subdued the Bavarians.After the mysterious disappearance of Prince Kocelj, the Slovenians of Pannonia came under the rule of a Frankish overlord in 874.